ISSN 2149-2247 | E-ISSN 2149-2549
Original Article
Electrocardiographic Findings of Leprosy
1 Department of Cardiology, Elazığ Training and Research Hospital, Elazığ, Turkey  
2 Department of Dermatology, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey  
Erciyes Med J 2018; 40: 136-139
DOI: 10.5152/etd.2017.0158
Key Words: Leprosy, electrocardiogram, QT prolongation
Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of leprosy on basic electrocardiography (ECG) parameters.


Materials and Methods
: A total of 66 patients including 33 patients with leprosy (mean age: 70.06 years, 24 males) and 33 control patients (mean age: 56.66 years, 15 males) were included in the study. ECG recordings of all patients were obtained, and groups were compared in terms of heart rate, PR, QT, QTc, JTc, and T peak to T end (Tp-e) durations and branch blocks.


Results
: QT (391.30 vs. 367.66, p<0.01), QTc (423.57 vs. 407.15, p<0.01), and Tp-e (74.18 vs. 66.93, p<0.001) intervals were significantly prolonged in the leprosy group. The left anterior hemiblock (LAH) was observed more in patients with leprosy (42.4% in 14 patients) than in the non-leprosy group (42.4% vs. 12.1%, p<0.01). In addition, the rate of the unifascicularblock was significantly higher in the leprosy group (39.4% vs. 9.1%, p<0.01).


Conclusion
: Leprosy has a significant effect on QT, QTc, and Tp-e intervals. Prolongation of the QT, QTc, and Tp-e intervals is an indicator of leprosy's effect on the cardiac autonomic system. The ratio of the LAH is also rather high, and that may be a marker of the area where leprosy is most effective on the heart.


Cite this article as
: Yıldırım E, Secen Ö, Demir B, Bilen MN. Electrocardiographic Findings of Leprosy. Erciyes Med J 2018; 40(3): 136-9.

Key Words
Authors
All
Author’s Corner
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2018 Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine | Latest Update: 03.10.2018