ISSN 2149-2247 | E-ISSN 2149-2549
Invited Review
Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: What’s New Focusing on Epidemiology, Microorganisms and Diagnosis?
1 CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, CIBERES, Barcelona, Spain, Vall d’Hebron Institut of Research (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain  
2 CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, CIBERES, Barcelona, Spain; Vall d’Hebron Institut of Research (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain  
3 CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, CIBERES; Vall d’Hebron Institut of Research (VHIR), Barcelona, Spain  
Erciyes Med J ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/etd.2018.18128
Key Words: Community-acquired pneumonia, comorbidity, streptococcus pneumoniae, epidemiology, microbiological diagnosis, immunological biomarkers
Abstract

 

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common causes of hospital admissions and death worldwide. The incidence and mortality of CAP are associated with the presence of comorbidities and increasing age. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most frequent causative microorganism of CAP, although in many patients with CAP, the causative microorganism remains unknown. Currently, antimicrobial resistance is increasing, so the accurate diagnosis and determination of the causative microorganism are even more important. This is a key point in reducing both morbidity and mortality from CAP, and appropriate antimicrobial stewardship is now a global priority. This review summarizes on the epidemiology, microbiological etiology, and diagnosis of CAP in adults.

 

Cite this article as:  Tejada S, Romero A, Rello J. Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: What’s New Focusing on Epidemiology, Microorganisms and Diagnosis? Erciyes Med J 2018; DOI: 10.5152/etd.2018.18128

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