ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549

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Erciyes Medical Journal Evaluation of the Emotion Regulation Skill of Overweight-Obese Preschool Children and Maternal Mental Well-Being [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. Ahead of Print: EMJ-08068 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2019.08068

Evaluation of the Emotion Regulation Skill of Overweight-Obese Preschool Children and Maternal Mental Well-Being

Zehra Çalışkan1, Gonca Özyurt2
1Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Semra ve Vefa Küçük Health College, Department of Pediatric Nursing, Nevşehir/Turkey
2İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Medical Faculty, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, İzmir/ Turkey

Objective: To investigate the emotion regulation skill of overweight-obese preschool children and to compare the maternal mental well-being of mothers with overweight-obese children with those of mothers with normal-weight children.
Materials and Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 219 four to six-year-old children studying in seven kindergartens in a city center located in the Cappadocia region of Turkey, as well as their parents. A questionnaire, the Emotion Regulation Checklist, and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 12) were used to collect the data. The body weight and height measurements of the children were performed and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated.
Results: It was determined that 14.6% of the preschool children were obese, 15.5% were overweight, and the median emotion regulation total scores of the overweight-obese children were higher than those of the normal-weight students (p=0.027). In addition, it was found that although the mental well-being status of the mothers of the overweight-obese children was similar to those of mothers with normal-weight children, the mothers of obese children were more overweight compared to the mothers of normal-weight children (p=0.020).
Conclusion: It is considered appropriate to monitor the weight and height of children at regular intervals and to evaluate children at risk along with their mothers (parents) in order to identify and prevent childhood obesity at an early stage.

Keywords: Maternal well-being, emotion regulation of the children, obesity, preschool child.



Corresponding Author: Zehra Çalışkan, Türkiye
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