ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549

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Erciyes Medical Journal Screening Results of Non-Communicable Diseases in Adult and Elderly People Living in the Rural Area; Cross-sectional Descriptive Study [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. Ahead of Print: EMJ-31899 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2019.31889

Screening Results of Non-Communicable Diseases in Adult and Elderly People Living in the Rural Area; Cross-sectional Descriptive Study

Ayla Tuzcu, Leyla Muslu
Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, the risk and cancer screening results of the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the province of Antalya.
Materials and Method: The sample included in this cross-sectional descriptive study comprised 441 volunteers (universe 3841) aged >40 years living in four rural areas in Antalya. The questionnaire used in the study was structured in three parts: descriptive characteristics, Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISK), depression risk questionnaire, and cancer screening sections.
Results: In total, 91.6 % of the participants were aged ≥45 years and at least one in 50.3% of them had a chronic disease. According to Finnish diabetes risk score (FINDRISK), 23.8% were in high and 7.9% were in very high-risk group, 34.5% were slightly overweight, 56.2% were obese, and 26.7% were with metabolic syndrome (MS). In total, 22.2% of the individuals were at a risk of depression. In cancer screenings, 32.1% of the women underwent mammography in the past two years, 33.6% underwent breast self-examination, and 60.3% underwent cervical cancer screening in the last five years. It was determined that 17.2% of participants underwent immunochemical fecal occult blood test.
Conclusion: It was observed that approximately one-third of the participants are under risk in term of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Compared with previous studies, screening rates have increased in recent years, but they are not at the desired level. There is a need to promote encouraging practices for individuals living in rural areas aimed at prevention of NCDs, screening, and effective management of these diseases.

Keywords: Non-communicable diseases, risk factors; screening; rural area; Turkey.



Corresponding Author: Leyla Muslu
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