ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549

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Erciyes Medical Journal Physical Examination Signs of Inspection and Medical Eponyms in Pericarditis Part I: 1761 to 1852 [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(2): 223-229 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2019.44342

Physical Examination Signs of Inspection and Medical Eponyms in Pericarditis Part I: 1761 to 1852

Fan Ye1, Halil Tekiner2, Eileen Yale3, Joseph Mazza4, Steven Yale5
1Graduate Medical Education, University of Central Florida College of Medicine Orlando, FL, USA
2Department of the History of Pharmacy and Ethics, Erciyes University School of Pharmacy, Kayseri, Turkey
3Department of General Internal Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
4Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield, WI, USA
5Department of Internal Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, FL, USA

The history of pericarditis involves the recognition of signs and symptoms detected using the physical examination skills such as inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation. Pericarditis is the term used to describe the spectrum of diseases that includes acute, subacute, and chronic forms. From 1761 to 1852, physicians were required to use their sense of sight, identifying abnormalities recognized as the signs of medical eponyms attributed to honor their findings. In this first part of a three-part series on pericarditis, the signs detected through inspection are described. Through inspection, physicians identified the bulging or retraction of the precordium and epigastrium in patients with pericardial effusion or adherent pericarditis. Many of these signs were detected, described, and reported in patients with advanced or chronic adherent pericarditis. It is unknown how useful these signs are in modern-day clinical practice.

Keywords: Pericarditis, eponyms, physical examination, history of medicine

Fan Ye, Halil Tekiner, Eileen Yale, Joseph Mazza, Steven Yale. Physical Examination Signs of Inspection and Medical Eponyms in Pericarditis Part I: 1761 to 1852. Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(2): 223-229

Corresponding Author: Steven Yale, United States
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