ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549

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Erciyes Medical Journal Phonatory-Aerodynamic Characteristics of Drama Students [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(3): 275-281 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2019.48108

Phonatory-Aerodynamic Characteristics of Drama Students

Fatma Esen Aydınlı1, Rıza Korhan Sezin2, Esra Özcebe1, Ayşen Köse1, Rıza Önder Günaydın3
1Department of Speech and Language Therapy, Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Speech and Language Therapy, Health Sciences University Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey
3Division of Laryngology& Phonosurgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Objective: Theater actors are considered as elite vocal performers whom quality of voice is of utmost importance. It was thought that speech breathing characteristics of theater actors were different compared with those of lay talkers. However, findings on this issue were generally based on studies conducted by the respiratory kinematics and muscular activity via using indirect air volume measures. These measures were by no means related with the respiratory– phonatory interaction. One of the objective methods that is used for evaluating voice quality is the phonatory-aerodynamic characteristics. Phonatory-Aerodynamic System (PAS) primarily examines the respiratory–phonatory interaction. The aim of the present study was to search the phonatory-aerodynamic characteristics of drama students.
Materials and Methods: A total of 37 vocally healthy participants aged between 21 and 30 years were separated into two groups; the first group included drama students (n=19), and the second group comprised lay talkers (n=18). Phonatory-aerodynamic evaluations were done via PENTAX Medical PAS Model6600.
Results: During the phonation of vowel [a], female and male drama students used greater percentage of vital capacity (VC) than public speaker couples. Similarly, findings indicated that female drama students used greater percentage of VC while producing syllables [papapapapa]. As for connected speech, female participants of both groups completed reading in similar durations, but they inspirated faster and they needed lesser number of inspirations.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the phonatory-aerodynamic characteristics of theater students are different compared with those of lay talkers predominantly for female participants. The present study’s results may serve clinicians’ basic objective data regarding the speech breathing characteristics of theater actors.

Keywords: Aerodynamics, phonation, voice, speech breathing, professional voice user

Fatma Esen Aydınlı, Rıza Korhan Sezin, Esra Özcebe, Ayşen Köse, Rıza Önder Günaydın. Phonatory-Aerodynamic Characteristics of Drama Students. Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(3): 275-281

Corresponding Author: Fatma Esen Aydınlı
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