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Erciyes Medical Journal Characteristics of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived From the Apical Papilla of a Supernumerary Tooth Compared to Stem Cells Derived From the Dental Pulp [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(1): 18-24 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2019.62592

Characteristics of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived From the Apical Papilla of a Supernumerary Tooth Compared to Stem Cells Derived From the Dental Pulp

Zeynep Burçin Gönen1, Selami Demirci2, Ayşegül Doğan3, Ayşegül Sardoğan3, Abdullah Ekizer4, Alper Alkan5, Fikrettin Şahin3
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erciyes University, Genome and Stem Cell Center, Kayseri, Turkey
2National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
3Department of Genetics and Bioengineering, Yeditepe University Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, İstanbul, Turkey
4Department of Orthodontics, Medikadent Clinics, Kayseri, Turkey
5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bezmialem University Faculty of Dentistry, İstanbul, Turkey

Objective: There are several comparative studies that were conducted to explain the specific properties of oral tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). However, apical papilla stem cells derived from supernumerary teeth (ST-APSCs) have not been characterized for their MSC properties yet.
Materials and Methods: In the present study, ST-APSCs were isolated and characterized from a nonsyndromic male patient to evaluate the MSC characteristics. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and ST-APSCs were isolated and characterized for mesenchymal surface markers. Cells were differentiated into osteo-, chondro-, and adipogenic cell types.
Results: Both cell types expressed the MSC surface markers. When DPSCs and ST-APSCs were cultured in differentiation media promoting transformation to osteo-, chondro-, and adipo-genic lineages, both showed calcium mineralization, chondrogenic mass formation, and lipid accumulation. However, DPSCs derived from a wisdom tooth demonstrated more differentiation potential to osteo- and chondro-genic cell types compared to ST-APSCs.
Conclusion: Overall, ST-APSCs were characterized by their MSC properties and were able to differentiate into three cell lineages. However, they were less potent for osteo- and chondro-genic cell lineage specification compared to DPSCs derived from a wisdom tooth.

Keywords: Supernumerary tooth, stem cell, dental pulp, apical papilla

Zeynep Burçin Gönen, Selami Demirci, Ayşegül Doğan, Ayşegül Sardoğan, Abdullah Ekizer, Alper Alkan, Fikrettin Şahin. Characteristics of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived From the Apical Papilla of a Supernumerary Tooth Compared to Stem Cells Derived From the Dental Pulp. Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(1): 18-24

Corresponding Author: Zeynep Burçin Gönen, Türkiye
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