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Erciyes Medical Journal The Effect of Aminoglycosides on Colistin-Containing Regimens in the Treatment of Carbapenem-Resistant Gram-Negative Infections in Pediatric Intensive Care Units: A Two-Center Experience [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(3): 282-287 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2019.76093

The Effect of Aminoglycosides on Colistin-Containing Regimens in the Treatment of Carbapenem-Resistant Gram-Negative Infections in Pediatric Intensive Care Units: A Two-Center Experience

Zümrüt Şahbudak Bal1, Fulya Kamit2, Muhterem Duyu3, Pınar Yazıcı3, Ayşe Berna Anıl4, Dilek Yılmaz Çiftdogan5, Nisel Özkalay Yılmaz6, Feriha Çilli7, Bülent Karapınar3
1Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
2Division of Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
3Division of Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
4Division of Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
5Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
6Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
7Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Ege University Faculty of, İzmir, Turkey

Objective: This study aimed to assess the outcomes including morbidity and mortality of carbapenem-resistant gram-negative (CRGN) infections in pediatric critical care setting. The second aim was to investigate the impact of aminoglycosides on colistin-containing regimen in CRGN-infected pediatric critical care patients.
Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated medical records of 82 patients who had received colistin in combination with an aminoglycoside (CA group) or another antibiotic (CO group) at two reference pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) between February 2011 and February 2016.
Results: We enrolled 82 CRGN-infected patients who were admitted to PICUs of two hospitals. The median age of the patients was 24 (25th–75th percentile; 8–78.75) months, and the median duration of hospital stay was 30 days (25th–75th percentile; 16.7–57.7). No statistical difference was observed in the variables, including microbiological response, attributable mortality, crude mortality, and the duration of achieving first negative culture (p>0.05). Clinical response was significantly more observed in the CA group (85.5% vs. 63.2; p=0.048), and attributable mortality was higher in the CO group (12.7% vs. 31.6%; p=0.055). Nephrotoxicity did not show statistical difference between groups (p=0.357), and neurotoxicity was not observed.
Conclusion: Colistin-containing regimen in combination with an aminoglycoside may be an effective and safe antimicrobial agent without a significant increase in side effects.

Keywords: Pediatric critical care unit, colistin, aminoglycoside, carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae

Zümrüt Şahbudak Bal, Fulya Kamit, Muhterem Duyu, Pınar Yazıcı, Ayşe Berna Anıl, Dilek Yılmaz Çiftdogan, Nisel Özkalay Yılmaz, Feriha Çilli, Bülent Karapınar. The Effect of Aminoglycosides on Colistin-Containing Regimens in the Treatment of Carbapenem-Resistant Gram-Negative Infections in Pediatric Intensive Care Units: A Two-Center Experience. Erciyes Med J. 2019; 41(3): 282-287

Corresponding Author: Zümrüt Şahbudak Bal
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