ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549
Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu: A Pioneer Surgeon of the Ottoman Era [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2020; 42(3): 350-353 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2020.10476

Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu: A Pioneer Surgeon of the Ottoman Era

Spyros N. Michaleas1, Gregory Tsoucalas2, Georges Androutsos3, Marianna Karamanou4
1Department of History of Medicine and Medical Deontology, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
2Department of History of Medicine and Anatomy, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece
3Biomedical Research Foundation, Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece
4Institute of Humanities in Medicine, School of Medicine and Biology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Sharaf al-Dīn (Şerefeddin) Sabuncuoğlu (1385-c.1468) was an innovative surgeon and a prominent illustrator who lived in the Ottoman Empire during the 15th century. His medical treatise, Kitāb al-Jarrāhiyyāt al-Khaniyya (Kitâbü’l-Cerrâhiyyetü’l-Hâniyye [Book of Imperial Surgery]; 1465), is the first illustrated surgical textbook written in Turkish. His book also provides comprehensive information about ancient Greek and Asian knowledge of medicine, including topics on gynecology, neurology, obstetrics, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pediatrics, urology, and vascular surgery, as well as Sabuncuoğlu’s own contributions to the field of surgery. Despite not being well recognized in his era, his methods were revolutionary for his time, and many remain valid even today. This review seeks to highlight Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu’s medical treatise from a historical perspective and to shed light on its influence on modern surgery.

Keywords: 15th century, cauterization, history of medicine, medical illustration, surgery, Turkey

Spyros N. Michaleas, Gregory Tsoucalas, Georges Androutsos, Marianna Karamanou. Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu: A Pioneer Surgeon of the Ottoman Era. Erciyes Med J. 2020; 42(3): 350-353

Corresponding Author: Gregory Tsoucalas, Greece
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