ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549
Did Covid-19 Pandemic Changed Parents’ Approach To Vaccination? [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. Ahead of Print: EMJ-85451 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2020.85451

Did Covid-19 Pandemic Changed Parents’ Approach To Vaccination?

Nimet Pınar Yılmazbaş1, Özlem Terzi2, Deniz Özçeker3
1Department of Pediatrics, Health Science University, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Public Health, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey
3Department of Pediatric Allergy, Health Science University, Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Objective: Vaccine hesitancy is driven by many factors and varies across time. People with vaccine hesitancy may change their decision in the case of COVID-19 pandemic. Our study aimed to evaluate parents’ pandemic related perceived stress levels and its effects on vaccine hesitation, also their willingness towards the COVID-19 vaccine.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was practiced with an open-access online survey program through social networks. Parents aged between 18 and 49 years, who had at least one child and agreed to participate in this study constituted the population (n=440). The questionnaire consisted of 14 questions about socio-demographic characteristics of parents, their attitudes and behaviors about childhood vaccines and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS).
Results: Four hundred forty parents participated in this study, 377 (85.7%) of them stated that they thought positively towards the vaccines, 55 (12.5%) were hesitant. After the pandemic, 22 (40.0%) of 55 participants who had hesitations stated that now they believe vaccines are necessary. Of all participants, 43.4% stated they would definitely, 30.5% would probably have the COVID-19 vaccine administered. Participants who had high-stress levels perceived more vaccine hesitation.
Conclusion: Pandemia may change people’s opinions about vaccine hesitancy. Even if an effective vaccine is developed in case of a pandemic, people need to be told correctly, to create a demand for vaccination.

Keywords: Vaccine hesitancy, COVID-19, pandemic, stress.



Corresponding Author: Nimet Pınar Yılmazbaş, Türkiye
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