ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549
Bronchial Artery Embolization Due to Hemoptysis; is it Really Effective? [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2021; 43(3): 288-292 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2020.93271

Bronchial Artery Embolization Due to Hemoptysis; is it Really Effective?

Filiz Güldaval1, Ceyda Anar1, Gulru Polat1, Melike Yüksel Yavuz1, Ahmet Ergin Çapar1, Melih Büyükşirin1, Fatma Demirci Üçsular2
1Health Sciences University, Dr. Suat Seren Chest Disease and Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
2Health Sciences University, İzmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

Objective: We aimed to evaluate retrospectively the data of patients undergoing bronchial artery embolizatıon (BAE) for massive or non-massive hemoptysis in our clinic and discussed with the literature.
Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients with acute severe or chronic recurrent hemoptysis admitted to the pulmonology department and submitted to BAE for the purpose of embolization.
Results: A total of 52 patients were submitted to BAE, 41 (78.8%) were male, with a mean age 53.7±14.8 years. Hemoptysis was considered severe in 22 (42.3%) patients. Bronchiectasis (other than cystic fibrosis) (n=12; 23.1%) and tuberculosis (TB) sequelae (n=11; 21.2) were the major etiology for hemoptysis. None of our patients developed early or late complications related to the procedure. Hemoptysis recurred in five patients at 12-month follow-up of each patient. There was no significant difference between the amount of hemoptysis and the presence of lesion on computed tomography, active bleeding on bronchoscopy or recurrence.
Conclusion: Bronchiectasis (except those associated with cystic fibrosis), TB, and TB sequelae were the major etiologies for hemoptysis. Our results show that BAE is a safe and effective treatment supporting the current literature for acute massive and chronic recurrent hemoptysis.

Keywords: Bronchial artery embolization, hemoptysis, pulmonary.

Filiz Güldaval, Ceyda Anar, Gulru Polat, Melike Yüksel Yavuz, Ahmet Ergin Çapar, Melih Büyükşirin, Fatma Demirci Üçsular. Bronchial Artery Embolization Due to Hemoptysis; is it Really Effective?. Erciyes Med J. 2021; 43(3): 288-292

Corresponding Author: Ceyda Anar, Türkiye
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